Cornwall has 400 miles of rugged coastline with a skinny landmass squeezed between two seas. It’s like an island; almost wherever you go, you’ll end up somewhere you can fish. Due to exposure from the gulf stream amoung other factors, Cornwall has some of the best fishing in Europe. Mackerel in the millions shoot around in a summer-time frenzy. Seabirds kamikaze dive into bait balls the size of your house. Fat pollack lurk around the rusted ribs of shipwrecks off shore. Eels that could swallow your leg slide through the old ship’s innards. There’s an abundance of fish here, but like with anywhere in the world, it helps to have local knowledge. Fishing a different spot at a different time with a different method can the difference between blanking and hooking a dream fish. My goal with this guide is that you experience the very best of Cornish fishing.
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Bass Fishing Cornwall
Bass fishing in Cornwall is excellent both from the North and South Coast, although the north tends to be superior due to the constant churning of the seas. Bass are brutal bullies in shining camouflage, hidden against the glimmer of the water’s surface. Fish just behind the waves, on the mouths of estuaries or by boat along rugged coastline. Fish at dusk and dawn especially. As for recommended tackle, this surface lure on Amazon, the Patchinko, is widely considered the best surface bass lure and works wonders on boats outside the estuary or from the rocks. The Fish Minnow(available on Amazon) is by far the most popular paddle tail, but the The Savage Gear Sandeel available here on Amazon is often more affordable, although more prone to being lost in snags.
A common misconception about the bass is that they are always proactive hunters. Certainly, they are some of the time. Watching a bass smash a surface lure on a warm summer’s evening gives that impression. However, even predators like this need to conserve energy. Bass love an easy meal. Your lure won’t be part of a shoal, which indicates that it is alone and injured already. That’s a good start for looking like an easy meal! Bass also love lures that fall in a natural way. This is the reason so many people hook into that dream fish when they aren’t concentrating. During their idle daydream, the lure is falling down the water column like a seriously injured fish – just the way the bass like.
This lure from Amazon is so popular amongst Cornish anglers precisely because it imitates an injured fish better than any other lure.
Bass move inshore from March to May, and move into brackish water and often up into freshwater. They like places where rocks meet sand, mud and shingle – especially when this is offshore. They also like to linger just behind where the waves break. From there, they can see the poor morsels that have got disoriented in the churn without having to struggle against the waves themselves. Another popular spot for bass is to sit just below shelfs in the seabed, where the seabed drops off into a ditch or deeper hole. If you have ever seen a trout sitting just behind some form of structure which protects it from the current, you will understand this behaviour. Once again, this is a method for the fish to hunt without expending much energy. This style of hunting has implications for us bass anglers because if we want our lures to look natural, they need to be moving with the current, preferably just floating along with it naturally, right over to the places where the bass are waiting. Think of currents like conveyor belts in a sushi restaurant. The bass sit still, your lure needs to drift on by. If your lure is going the other way to the current, is that fish really going to look convincing or like an easy meal?
The spawning of bass used to be a mystery, as it still is for many other marine species. Now it is known that bass lay eggs from Early May to Early June in bays and just outside of estuaries, and that these eggs hatch in 4 days. Bass grow slowly. After one year they are only 9cm long. After two years, 16cm. Female bass take 5 years to reach 1lb. Males take even longer. To reach 10lb a bass must survive close to two decades. The largest fish are 20-somethings. Bass spawn after about five years, meaning that a big fish is just the kind which is most likely to breed. It’s obvious why the species is vulnerable to overfishing!
The rod caught record is 18lb from 1943, Felixstowe. The fish have metallic blue or greenish grey backs, with stunning silvery sides and a white belly. People think that fishermen love bass for the eating, but most don’t eat them, they are such beautiful fish and grow so slowly most just let them go. There are now so many restrictions on keeping bass anyway that you need to release all but one to stay on the right side of the law. Very young bass can have dark grey spots. These fish scoff their faces on crustaceans, young crabs and shrimp. Older specimens mostly eat larger fish like sandeel, herring, mackerel sprats and flat fish. This fish will cruise over sandy banks looking for little crabs, lurk under drop offs for an injured Joey mackerel to twitch above its head and linger just beyond the surf. Bass love to eat what gets lost in the churn.
Mackerel Fishing Cornwall
Mackerel are pelagic species, which means they spend their lives swimming in the open seas. Some species have territories they stick to but mackerel are no such fish. For this reason, they tend to either be ‘in’ big-time or not at all. When this delicious and hard fighting oily fish is in, there is often a party of fish activity. Expect hands covered in scales, strings of mackerel being pulled out on feathers four at a time. A special hack for catching more of these fish is to use Japanese Sabiki feathers (like these from Amazon)rather than the standard feathers you find in tackle shops. Sabiki feathers have smaller hooks which results in more hookups. The size 1o’s which come on most mackerel feathers are considered too large by most competition anglers I know. If you want to know how to catch more mackerel, just change your hook size and you’ll see the results. I have written an extensive guide to mackerel fishing for further reading.
Harbour & Pier Fishing
Harbour wall fishing in Cornwall is excellent, just remember to use smaller hooks than you think you need, fish slightly deeper than you normally would and try fishing within 5m of the harbour wall as well as further out. Down the harbour wall you’ll find species you might not have known existed. Use ragworm or a ragworm imitation like Marukyu Isome and a small size 8 hook – no bigger. You only need a little weight to get the bait down and then you simply hold it there with a tight line and wait for bites, which typically come quickly. It’s very important you use a small hook. This style of fishing is great fun, especially with kids as you catch a wider variety of species and they tend to always be present. Be sure to take care of the fish and return them as they are unlikely to be edible (I’ve tried eating Wrasse and they are utterly disgusting and nothing can make their flaky soggy flesh taste good). If you can’t get to a tackle shop to buy rag worm, consider using this strange but effective alternative bait from Amazon.
Rock fishing in Cornwall has got to be one of the best ways to enjoy the coastline. You’ll get to experience places others rarely go and see them in a new light. Just remember to pack ‘weedless hooks’ (like these on Amazon) to avoid spending the whole time caught up in snags. Fishing over rough ground tends to be very good because there’s so much cover for fish to hide in. However, it helps to get your lure or bait as close to the rocks and kelp as possible without snagging up. Modern weedless soft plastics achieve this, but the hooks can also be used with baits and float rigs. The Cornish coastline is rugged, dangerous and beautiful. On a clear day if you’re wearing polaroid sunglasses you’ll see the fish lurking around the kelp. In particular, you will encounter lots of Ballan Wrasse if you fish in this way. Below on this page there are plenty of rock marks to explore. Another advantage of rock fishing is that it can give you access to deeper water, where you might hook something larger than you expected…
The Best Travel Fishing Rod
You don’t want to be that person looking at fish in the harbour or seeing anglers reeling in nice bass and being caught without a fishing rod. Travel fishing rods make going fishing in Cornwall easy. They’re easy to store because the rods are designed to break down into a small size for putting in the boot of your car or suitcase. Fishing kit by its nature tends to be difficult to store and carry around with you. A very short fishing rod is longer than a person and is clunky, fragile and far from ideal for road trips. Check out this kit to keep things simple and be prepared for your next travel fishing trip with just one self-contained kit.
WHY GO SEA FISHING IN CORNWALL?
Cornwall is the most south westerly part of all of England and receives the full heat of the North Atlantic Drift – even when it doesn’t always feel like it. This continuation of the Gulf Stream brings warm winds and water to us and keeps the winters mild. It also creates an unusual quantity and variety of fish. In 2020 as I write this, we have been seeing enough Tuna caught from boats to make them worth targeting in september. This species, along with other seasonal visitors like turtles, squid, and even flying fish are all a consequence of Cornwall’s exposure to the Gulf Stream.
A lot of people in Britain go sea fishing only to be disappointed by the lack of fish. Overfishing is part of the cause of this, but some places are just quite barren when it comes to fishing. Cornwall is not one of these places and there are so many productive fishing spots in Cornwall that even grumpy fishermen like me and you can’t complain.
In Cornwall’s not so distant past, about 15% of the population worked in the fishing industry and depended on it for their livelihoods. There is a reason for this. Cornwall is essentially a thin strip of land squashed between the Atlantic Ocean on the North and the English Channel to the South. Everywhere you turn there are fertile places to fish. Fish are what the Cornish worked for, what they ate, what they traded. Have I convinced you yet that Cornwall is worth fishing?
However, despite this, fishing in Cornwall doesn’t always feel easy. Due to overfishing, angling is tough. Most people won’t catch all that much without someone experienced that knows the area with them. My goal with this page is to share local knowledge with you so that you benefit from the great fishing Cornwall has to offer.
Cornwall has over 250 miles of tideline with a variety of terrains and marks to fish. You have little inlets, tidal estuaries, steep rocky cliff-edge spots and rocky outcrops from almost every beach. We have rolling surf which disorients the sandeel to be gulped down by bass and we have quiet coves with mellow flatfish dotted across the sea bed.
FISHING SPOTS IN CORNWALL
Fishing from Rame Head to Fowey
Fishing Rame Head
Between Cawsand and Kingsand and along the Rame Head, the waters of Plymouth meet a sea filled with pollack, bass, wrasse, conger, plaice and of course, the reliable dogfish.
Fishing from Penlee point and rock fishing from Rame Head is particularly good. Penlee, Eastern Gear and Queener Point offer excellent fishing. For some reason a lot of Cornwall’s best anglers seem to live in this area. It’s not familiar ground to me but there must be good fishing in the area if it attracts the likes of these characters.
Whitesand Bay has a clean bottom as you’d expect with a name like that, and while a risky place for a swim it’s a good area for bass fishing. Along the east coast of Cornwall you will encounter plenty of opportunities to get out your bass rod or beach caster. Seston, Portwrinkle, Millandreth and Downdeery as well as Looe offer good fishing. Looe has some good boat trips and you can find out more about boat fishing in Cornwall from my page on that here.
Fishing Looe Harbour & Beyond
Fishing from Looe harbour is good and you can expect to catch bass, mullet, pollack, mackerel, all the usual white fish species as well as the odd surprise conger. The east quay in Looe offers particularly good fishing. The harbour entrance is often inaccessible for anglers due to restrictions.
Looe has tackle shops which you can easily find with a google search. Near Looe harbour, you can fish from the rocks to the west where you’ll experience top notch wrasse and pollack fishing. For the best fishing Looe harbour has to offer, hop in one of the boats!
The coast from Looe down to Polperro and Fowey has a very remote feeling. Walking along it you will encounter almost no buildings, and you won’t see too many people even on a sunny day. It’s quite hard walking. This of course means that those which do venture along the coast (with their wits about them) will be rewarded! Bass, pollack, mackerel, conger, bull huss, even skate are caught along this stretch. I won’t claim to have fished this area heavily myself, but the last time I did I hooked a bass first cast and there was action for the whole evening. I then returned to my camp on the beach of Lantic bay and spent the evening eating fire smoked mackerel. This is a stretch of coastline you need to get on to. The water along this coast has that wild dark look about it that you don’t see around harbours. This is where the kelp grows thick and broad.
Fishing in Fowey
The waters around Fowey are excellent for more relaxed boat fishing without having to worry about the full elements one might experience further along the coast. There are plenty of boat fishing trips available in Fowey and good fishing. I have written a full guide to fishing in Fowey.
Fishing From St Austell Bay to Falmouth
Fishing Par, Polkeris & Carlyon Bay
Fishing in St Austell Bay is perfect for the fair-weather angler. The bay is sheltered and the easy going, especially from marks like Polkerris, Par harbour (if you join St Austell Angling Club to gain access). Carlyon bay has good fishing for flatfish and bass, especially where the stream meets the sea. Flat fish and bass lurk around this area waiting for the morsels which float downstream for an easy meal. Fish are a lot lazier than most imagine.
Fishing from Charlestown harbour can be good in the summer months but is inconsistent. In 2016 we caught an obscene number of gurnard there, all of them Tub Gurnard. There are also bass and wrasse around the rocks there and the harbour is rammed with shoals of weaver fish. Yes – shoals of them! Make sure to bring your disgorgers!
Fishing in Mevagissey
Past St Austell Bay you reach Mevagissey, and I have written a separate guide to fishing there since it is so exceptional and is the primary focus on this website.
Fishing in Porscatho and Portloe is very good, but these spots are less well known for their fishing. Nevertheless, these places have good water access, it’s easy to get a line in and are on a cracking section of the coast.
Fishing from Gorran Haven Harbour Wall
From Mevagissey to Falmouth the fishing is excellent with numerous open beaches and coves to explore. Fishing from Gorran Haven Harbour Wall is also good, and strange species turn up there, including Thwait Shad and Turbot, which are not usually caught on the South Coast. Gorran haven is very crowded in summer though, so the best time to fish is in the evenings.
Fishing Roseland Peninsula
>Fishing on the Roseland Peninsula is going to be wonderful because it’s so fricken’ beautiful down that way. You can expect mackerel, garfish, pollack, wrasse and bass that smash plugs right on the surface in the summer months.
Fishing From Falmouth to St Ives
Fishing in Falmouth
Within Falmouth itself, the Prince of Wales pier and the Custom House Quay make for very good fishing for flatties and conger at night. Bass fishing out of Falmouth is exceptional and prize bass are not uncommon. Towards where the Fal meets the sea, the harbour entrance near Black rock offers access to large shoals of mackerel which move through in the summer months. Spinning from the rocks outside of Falmouth is very good, explore these spots yourself and you will reap the rewards. Porthcawl river by St Mawes offers good mullet fishing and is very pretty and Mylor Creek and is another place where biblical numbers of mullet congregate – though as you’ll know, that doesn’t mean they’re easy to catch!
Fishing in Falmouth is excellent, especially at night time, although water clarity can sometimes be low. The river is famously deep, and this means certain species that prefer much deeper water will dwell there like conger eels, rays and catsharks. At night time there are areas that are lit up, and there are many, many places you can fish up against the railings with very good access. The surrounding coastline is wonderful to explore, so do get out and about and see what you can catch. Species include mackerel, pollack, cod, dogfish, plaice, flounder, dab, conger, wrasse, blennies, gobies, rays and many more.
Fishing St Mawes
Fishing in St Mawes is very good, with fat pollack, bass and wrasse around. However, it’s not the most accessible stretch of coastline. Pendennis headland is good for fishing, as headlands often are when they are close to an estuary (in this case the Fal).
Fishing The Lizard
Fishing on the Lizard peninsula is as productive as it is jaw-dropping. You can also fish from Kennack sands beach and this spot turns out some fat fat bass. On the lizard you will catch the standard pollack, wrasse, bass and mackerel as well as more exciting congers. Fishing from Mullion cove is good from the pier and the rocks but is nothing special and other marks nearby are more promising .
Fishing loe bar towards Porthleven is extraordinary for bass with beach casting gear. The water gets deep much more quickly than most other spots but this spot is highly weather=dependent since a south-westerly wind makes the beach voer-exposed. On a calm day, float fishing in Porthleven is as good as anywhere in Cornwall. Within Porthleven the harbour and long rocky coastline has deep water and plenty of places to fish. Again, watch out for those south-westerly winds as these spots can become dangerous quickly.
Fishing Penzance & Newlyn Harbours
Fishing from Penzance harbour and Newlyn harbour is as good as you would expect from places which are so deeply associated with wild Cornwall and fishing. Newlyn is a hub of fishing in the whole southwest for a reason. There are big conger here, mackerel and lots of scad mackerel (also called horse mackerel) which move through in summer. This spot has some lighting at night which is very helpful for night fishing, though bringing your own is recommended.
If you’re looking for deep water fishing from the shore, gear rock off Penzance and Low Lee rock near Newlyn get you straight into deep water. If you can get on a boat in these areas and on the reefs near St Clements Island you will catch big, big fish.
Porthcurno, Sennen cove and Penberth offer beautiful fishing, especially in fair weather with a kayak. Kayak fishing in Cornwall is the best in Europe in my estimation. Fishing from Lands End is worth doing just because you’re sure to never forget it , even if you don’t catch anything! It’s pretty badass fishing the UK’s southernmost point. Fishing from Hayle estuary is good for surf fishing for bass and flatties like Flounder. Whitsand Bay near Sennen Cove is an excellent fishing spot which is known for its bass.
Fishing St Ives & Carbis Bay
Fishing in St Ives is very good by boat, but fishing from St Ives Harbour is too busy for most anglers’ liking. This fishing spot is so famous I have met people that know of it while on the other side of the globe! You’re better off exploring the area nearby, unless you are targeting plaice and mullet specifically, for which St Ives is decent. Carbis bay and Clodgy point are more promising for fishing than St Ives itself. There are also all those pretty little boats and ropes to worry about! Fishing in Carbis Bay is very good for flat fish and bass from the beach. You will also pick up pollack and Mackerel from the rocks on the left hand side. The ground at Carbis Bay is all sandy on the bottom. Use sand eel and ragworm as bait from the beach and lures from the rocks. I haven’t fished this spot myself but have heard that the rocks are easily accessible.
When lure fishing from the rocks at Carbis Bay, you should cast out as far as you can, preferably about 60 yards out as there is a drop off there and the fish seem to feed better there unless it’s very rough seas. If the sea is tough, just cast out past the breakers as there are often good sized bass that lurk in that area.
Fishing Cornwall’s North Coast
Fishing Spots in North Cornwall
The North coast of Cornwall has steep, serious cliffs that are dramatic and deadly, rugged and beautiful. They begin at Godrevy Point and along the coast where the cliffs are this large is is impossible to get down to a rock mark. Even if you could, the waves could make fishing unsafe (don’t be put off, there are plenty of places to fish). St Agnes has excellent fishing, but people die there when the power and indifference of the sea for human life is underestimated.
Porthtowan, Chapel porth and Portreath offer expansive sandy beaches which makes for ideal bass and flatty fishing with beach casters that can get you out past the surf. Crantock beach is another similar spot.
Fistral beach is a good spot for surfcasting, whilst Towan Head has loads of places for rock fishing. Fishing at Fistral is less popular than surfing of course, and you don’t want to hook into any surfers so be sure to stick to the ends of the beach where surfers are not. Surfers also do not taste nice as half of them are vegan!
Fishing in Newquay by boat is very good, but from the harbour it’s trickier since the harbour wall is so tall and is popular with harbour jumpers in the summer months. Light lure gear would not be good on Newquay harbour, this is a place where you need a rod that can lift a fish up a 20ft wall. Boat fishing trips from Newquay are excellent for sharks. The seas here are of course almost always rough, so Newquay is not a place for fair weather angling! By boat from Newquay you will catch big conger, bull huss, tope, smoothhound and cod. Towan Head near Newquay is excellent for rock fishing for a variety of species, but the ground is rugged and not for the faint of heart.
Fishing from Trevose head is not as good as you’d expect but still well worth it and you will catch bass there on a good day. The scenery is as good as it gets, though. In winter, the surf is often too large making fishing on Trevose head dangerous. The whole of the Camel is great for fishing, explore it yourself and you won’t regret a moment of it. On the Doom Bar, there are so many bass that rumour has it the drink Doom Bar was a homage not to the bar itself but the bass that are caught from it! To fish the doom bar near Padstow, high a local boatman as you need to navigate carefully to avoid getting stuck.
From Port Quin to Port Isaac three is great sea fishing from the rocks as you’d expect. Forget about fishing in the day though as three are so many swimmers it can feel like you’re trying not to hook stuff in the water rather than trying to.
The coastline from Port Isaac up to Bude doesn’t have any major villages or towns and is far away from everywhere really. This stretch of coast does not get fished very much for this reason. I must admit I’ve only fished this area myself once, but it was some of the best fishing of my life. The waters are teeming and with species you might not encounter in other areas, such as the Rock Cook Wrasse.
Exploring North Coast Fishing Marks and Beaches
Ultimately, one of the most valuable and fundamental skills for an angler is to get into the habit of seeking out new areas to fish and exploring the ground with a desire to understand it. This is only really an option for people that are committed to fishing quite frequently, but this is the main thing that separates really amazing anglers from everyone else.
Which beaches can you fish from on the North Coast?
You can go fishing from Bassetts Cove, Bedruthan Steps Beach, Black Cliff Beach, Chapel Porth Beach, Constantine Bay, Crantock Beach, Fishing Cove and Fistral Beach. There are fish to be caught from Fox cove, Godrevy beach, great western beach, green bank cove, harbour cove, Gwithian beach. The list of beaches to fish on the North Coast goes on! You have Harlyn bay, Holywell bay, lusty glaze beach, Mawgan Porth, Perranporth.
You can go rock fishing and beach fishing from Porth beach, Porth joke beach, Porthcothan bay, Porthtowan beach, Portreath beach, Rock, St Georges cove, Tolcarne, Towan beach, Trevaunance cove, Trevellas-porth beach, Trevone bay, Watergate bay, Whipsiderry beach and Treyarnon bay. There is no shortage of places to fish, and there’s a lot to be said for getting out yourself and discovering the coastline for yourself! Let me catch my breath for a minute…
CORNISH FISH SPECIES
Mackerel are pelagic species, which means they spend their lives swimming in the open seas. Some species have territories they stick to but mackerel are no such fish. For this reason, they tend to either be ‘in’ or there are none about. When this delicious and hard fighting oily fish is in, there is often a party of activity. Expect hands covered in scales, strings of mackerel being pulled out on feathers four at a time. A special hack for catching more of these fish is to use Japanese Sabiki feathers rather than the standard feathers you find in tackle shops. Sabiki feathers have smaller hooks which results in more hookups. The size 1o’s which come on most mackerel feathers are considered too large by most competition anglers I know.
The Cod Family
Cornwall does get cod in the winter months moving through the estuaries but really this species is best targeted offshore. Pollack, Pouting, Poorcod and Whiting are around in large numbers from the shore. Again, the fatter specimens tend to lurk in deeper waters, so head to rock marks or out on a boat to hook into the larger fish.
Like the rest of the UK, Cornwall has plenty of Dogfish which will scoff down whatever you intended for a more tasty or interesting fish. These members of the catshark family often get in the way while targeting other bottom feeders like flounder, plaice, dab, cod, ray and conger. While bottom fishing in many Cornish fishing spots you will also pick up Tub Gurnard. Rays are only really caught in deeper water marks, such as in the Fal estuary or while fishing in Plymouth or from a boat.
The Wrasse family is huge. We used to catch a lot of smaller wrasse species like Rockcooks and Goldsinneys but now they have started shipping them off to salmon farms as they eat parasites from the sides of the salmon. The Ballan Wrasse is a sport fish which is more reliable than the bass and just about as hard fighting – though disgusting to eat. These were traditionally caught with ragworm with size 8 hooks fishing over rough ground. Now they are also often targeted very effectively with lure gear and weedless soft plastics and thick fluorocarbon leaders. The fluorocarbon leader is abrasion-resistant and can withstand being rubbed up against rocks better than braids can. Monofilament also works but has stretch, which makes it harder to detect bites. It also doesn’t cast as well. This leader is then attached to a weedless hook like this one from Amazon. These hooks allow you to fish over rough ground without getting snagged in the weeds. They are an essential hook for fishing Cornish rock marks.
Cornwall has some of the best fishing in the UK, after places like Ireland. The latin name for this fish is Dicentratchus labrax. Of the other species in the family, bass is the most common and grows to 26 and a half pound in weight, but British specimens don’t reach that size and the rod caught record is 18lb from 1943, Felixstowe. The fish have metallic blue or greenish grey backs, with stunning silvery sides and a white belly.
Very young bass can have dark grey spots. These fish scoff their faces on crustaceans, young crabs and shrimp. Older specimens mostly eat larger fish like sandeel, herring, mackerel sprats and flat fish. This fish will cruise over sandy banks looking for little crabs, lurk under drop offs for an injured Joey mackerel to twitch above its head and linger just beyond the surf. Bass love to eat what gets lost in the churn.
There are of course a great variety more species in Cornwall which make angling so exciting and among these are all the fish which are too small to be targeted by the mainstream sport anglers but interesting to fish geeks that delight in the variety of their quarry. Among these are the Scorpion fish, Dragonnettes, Blennies and Gobies and Topknot. LRF in Cornwall is really exceptional and Light Rock Fishing has had a decent following in Cornwall, with events like the Cornish Lure Festivals ‘Species Hunt’ event helping to build community around the sport. The methods employed by LRF’ers are increasingly entering the mainstream, as they already have done in some parts of Europe and the whole of Japan! Catching the weird and wonderful species of Cornwall is certainly good fun. An excellent starter rod for LRF in Cornwall is the Tronix Pro rod you can pick up on Amazon here.